Linke Hofmann Busch (LHB) coaches are the passenger compartments of Indian Railways that have been developed by Linke-Hofmann-Busch of Germany[1] (renamed Alstom LHB GmbH in 1998 after the takeover by Alstom[2]) and produced by Rail Coach Factory in Kapurthala, India.[3] They have been used since 2000 on the Indian Broad Gauge (1676 mm[4]) network of Indian railways. Initially, 24 air conditioned coaches were imported from Germany for use in the Shatabdi Expresses, after which the Rail Coach Factory started manufacturing after technology transfer.[5] The coaches are designed for an operating speed up to 160 km/h and could go up to 200 km/h.[6] However, they have been tested up to 180 km/h. Their length of 23.54m and a width of 3.24m means a higher passenger capacity, compared to conventional rakes.[7]